Discovering the Beauty of Persian Calligraphy art .

Persian calligraphy 

Persian calligraphy is an ancient and exquisite art form that has been practiced for centuries in Iran and other parts of the Middle East. It is a form of writing that uses beautiful and intricate designs to convey meaning, with each letter and symbol carefully crafted to create a stunning visual composition.

One of the most distinctive features of Persian calligraphy is its use of a variety of tools, each with its own unique characteristics and qualities. In this article, we'll take a closer look at the tools used in Persian calligraphy and explore the different ways in which they are used.

The Qalam

The Qalam, also known as a reed pen, is the most important tool in Persian calligraphy. It is made from the hollow stem of a reed plant, which is cut and shaped to create a sharp point at one end. The other end is usually wider and rounded to make it easier to hold.

The Qalam is used to apply ink to paper or other writing surfaces. The calligrapher holds the pen at a specific angle, with the sharp point resting on the paper, and uses a combination of pressure and movement to create the desired shape of each letter or symbol.

Inks and Pigments

In Persian calligraphy, a variety of inks and pigments are used to create different effects and colors. The most common ink used is made from soot and water, which creates a rich black color that is perfect for creating bold, striking lines. Other pigments, such as gold or silver, are also used to add shimmering highlights to the calligraphy.

Paper and Other Writing Surfaces

The paper used in Persian calligraphy is typically high-quality, with a smooth surface that is perfect for the Qalam to glide over. In addition to paper, other writing surfaces such as wood, ceramics, and even textiles can be used to create calligraphy.

Other Tools

In addition to the Qalam, other tools are also used in Persian calligraphy to create a variety of effects. One of these is the Mohr, a small tray made from metal or stone that is used to hold the ink. The Mohr is often decorated with intricate designs that reflect the beauty of the calligraphy itself.

Another important tool is the Ruler, which is used to ensure that each letter and symbol is precisely aligned and spaced. Calligraphers also use a variety of brushes, erasers, and other tools to create different effects and to correct mistakes.

In conclusion, Persian calligraphy is a beautiful and intricate art form that requires both skill and precision. The tools used in this art form are an essential part of the process, with each one playing a unique role in creating the final composition. Whether you are a calligrapher or simply an admirer of this ancient art form, understanding the tools used in Persian calligraphy can help you appreciate its beauty even more.

19th Mar 2023 Anthony N.

Recent Posts